Smoking cessation treatment for COPD smokers: the role of pharmacological interventions
AbstractBecause stopping smoking is such a pressing necessity for COPD smokers physicians should use smoking cessation treatments aggressively. For optimal efficacy smoking cessation in COPD smokers should combine behavioral and pharmacological treatments. Three types of pharmacological treatments are proven to be safe and effective: Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT), Bupropion and Varenicline. Use of NRT, bupropion or varenicline, single or in combination, at standard doses or at high doses, for 8-12 weeks or for more than 6-12 months have proven to help these patients to quit. For optimizing efficacy these medications can also be introduced some weeks before actual quitting. In COPD smoking patients that are not interested in stopping completely or abruptly these medications can be used to aid cessation in a more gradual way. Pharmacotherapy to aid cessation in COPD smokers have proven to be highly cost effective.
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