Secondary cardiovascular prevention in clinical practice: what do we need today?

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Gian Francesco Mureddu *
(*) Corresponding Author:
Gian Francesco Mureddu |


In the last decades, the post-hospital mortality from coronary artery disease (CAD) has significantly increased. This new trend in the epidemiology of CAD has been largely attributed to the improvement of survival from acute coronary syndromes that generated increasing incidence of population at high risk of recurrences and rehospitalization for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and heart failure (HF). Thus, much longer after the acute event than we had thought, we have now been facing with higher complexity of “chronic” CAD phenotypes which deserve high clinical attention and more and more intricate pharmacological management. Although the guidelines recommend implementing secondary prevention programs through cardiac rehabilitation (CR) facilities in order to achieve a better outcome, i.e. decreased morbidity, re-hospitalization and increased adherence to evidence-based interventions, the referral rate to CR is paradoxically scarce. The Italian Association of Clinical Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation (AICPR) has been launching a survey involving the Network of Italian CR centers, which will make possible to observe trends, implement guidelines recommendations and then verify the effectiveness of the interventions and outcomes in post-acute and chronic CAD.

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