Cocaine abuse induced diffuse alveolar haemorrhage: a rare entity

  • Manas Mengar Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
  • Nitesh Gupta Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
  • Shibdas Chakrabarti Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
  • Vipin Aggarwal Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
  • Kalindi Shah Department of Anaesthesiology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
  • Pranav Ish | pranavish2512@gmail.com Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is characterised by diffuse pulmonary opacities, respiratory failure, a falling haemoglobin level along with presence of hemosiderin-laden macrophages on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Finding the underlying aetiology of DAH can be challenging but of importance as the treatment and prognosis are largely determined by it. We report a case of DAH with underlying cocaine abuse, a rare cause for the same.

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Published
2020-02-21
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Issue
Section
Pneumology - Case Reports
Keywords:
rare, cocaine, DAH
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How to Cite
Mengar, M., Gupta, N., Chakrabarti, S., Aggarwal, V., Shah, K., & Ish, P. (2020). Cocaine abuse induced diffuse alveolar haemorrhage: a rare entity. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, 90(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2020.1191

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