Training and practice in bronchoscopy. A national survey in Italy
AbstractTraining and practice in bronchoscopy. A national survey in Italy. N. Facciolongo, R. Piro, F. Menzella, M. Lusuardi, M. Salio, L. Lazzari Agli, M. Patelli. Background and Aim. Bronchoscopy is performed in a variety of different settings in Italy. The surveys conducted so far have highlighted the heterogeneity of the procedures and the frequent inability to adhere to the guidelines. The aim of this survey was to analyse procedures, training, and opinions of Italian respiratory physicians performing interventional bronchology in the clinical practice. Methods. The study was conducted retrospectively on 300 pulmonologists. From January to June 2008, these were invited to participate in an email survey to be sent out monthly to each participant for four consecutive months. Results. Two hundred and one respiratory physicians took part in the study, most of whom (83.5%) work in either Pulmonology or Interventional Pulmonology Units. The year before the survey, 21.2% of the participants had performed fewer than 100 examinations, 42.3% 100 to 300, and 36.6% more than 300 bronchoscopies; 53.9% were familiar with the international guidelines on the topic. Among the responders, 34.1% had received less than 6 months training, 55.3% considered further training in rigid bronchoscopy, laser procedures and thoracoscopy, invaluable for their professional activity. Adequate training for transbronchial needle aspirates, was reported by 49.6% of respondents. Conclusions. Our data show that interventional bronchoscopy procedures are regularly performed according to current recommendations by over half of the Italian Pulmonologists participating in our survey. The need for more comprehensive basic education and training was put forward by the majority of physicians.
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