Mediterranean diet: not only food


  • Letizia da Vico | Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Careggi, Servizio Tecnico Sanitario, Firenze, Italy.
  • Susanna Agostini ASS2 Isontina, Servizio di Dietetica, Ospedale di Gorizia, Italy.
  • Silvia Brazzo Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri IRCCS, Ambulatorio di Dietetica e Nutrizione Clinica, Pavia, Italy.
  • Barbara Biffi Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi IRCCS, Servizio di Dietologia, Firenze, Italy.
  • Maria Luisa Masini Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Careggi, Servizio Tecnico Sanitario, Firenze, Italy.


The proposal of a Mediterranean way of life is much more than advise how to eat. The Mediterranean Diet, a model of Sustainable Diet, is an example of how to combine personal choices, economic, social and cultural rights, protective of human health and the ecosystem. There is in fact fundamental interdependence between dietary requirements, nutritional recommendations, production and consumption of food. In literature studies and nutritional and epidemiological monitoring activities at national and international level have found a lack of adherence to this lifestyle, due to the spread of the economy, lifestyles of the Western type and globalization of the production and consumption. To encourage the spread of a culture and a constant practice of the Mediterranean Diet, there are some tools that are presented in this article. The Mediterranean Diet Pyramid in addition to the recommendations on the frequency and portions of food, focuses on the choice of how to cook and eat food. The “Double Food Pyramid†encourages conscious food choices based on “healthy eating and sustainability. All the nutrition professionals and dietitians in particular should be constantly striving to encourage the adoption of a sustainable and balanced nutrition.



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Original Articles
New Modern Mediterranean Diet Pyramid, Mediterranean diet and UNESCO, Food Sustainability.
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How to Cite
da Vico, Letizia, Susanna Agostini, Silvia Brazzo, Barbara Biffi, and Maria Luisa Masini. 2015. “Mediterranean Diet: Not Only Food”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 78 (3).

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