ICAROS (Italian survey on CardiAc RehabilitatiOn and Secondary prevention after cardiac revascularization): temporary report of the first prospective, longitudinal registry of the cardiac rehabilitation network GICR/IACPR

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2012.126

Authors

  • Raffaele Griffo | r.griffo@libero.it U.O. Cardiologia Riabilitativa, ASL 3 Genovese, Ospedale La Colletta, Arenzano, Italy.
  • Pier Luigi Temporelli Divisione di Cardiologia, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri IRCCS, Veruno, Italy.
  • Francesco Fattirolli Dipartimento Area Critica Università di Firenze, Unità di Riabilitazione Cardiologica, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Italy.
  • Francesco Fattirolli Dipartimento Area Critica Università di Firenze, Unità di Riabilitazione Cardiologica, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Italy.
  • Marco Ambrosetti Unità di Riabilitazione Cardiovascolare Clinica Le Terrazze, Cunardo, Italy.
  • Roberto Tramarin Divisione di Cardiologia Riabilitativa, Fondazione Europea per la Ricerca Biomedica, Cernusco SN, Italy.
  • Anna Rita Vestri Università della Sapienza Roma, Italy.
  • Stefania De Feo Divisione di Cardiologia, Clinica Dr Pederzoli Peschiera del Garda, Italy.
  • Luigi Tavazzi GVM Care & Research, Fondazione E.S. per la Ricerca Scientifica, Health Science Foundation, Cotignola, Italy.

Abstract

The Italian survey on CardiAc RehabilitatiOn and Secondary prevention after cardiac revascularization (ICAROS) was a multicenter, prospective, longitudinal survey carried out by the Italian Association on Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (GICR/IACPR) in patients on completion of a CR program after coronary artery by pass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim was to evaluate in the short and medium term: i) the cardioprotective drug prescription, modification and adherence; ii) the achievement and maintenance of recommended lifestyle targets and risk factor control and their association with cardiovascular events; iii) the predictors of non-adherence to therapy and lifestyle recommendations. The ICAROS results offers a portrait of the “real world†of clinical practice concerning patients after CABG and PCI, and stresses the need to improve secondary prevention care after the index event: many patients after revascularization leave the acute wards without an optimal prescription of preventive medication but the prescription of cardiopreventive drugs and risk factors control is excellent after completion of a CR program. Following CR, the maintenance of evidence-based drugs and lifestyle adherence at one year is fairly good as far as the target goals of secondary prevention are concerned, but to investigate the influence of CR on long term outcome longer term studies are required. Last, but not least, ICAROS shows that some characteristics (PCI as index event, living alone, poor eating habits or smoking in young age, and old age, in particular with comorbidities) may identify patients with poor behavioral modification in the medium term follow-up and in these patients further support may be warranted. In conclusion, participation in CR results in excellent treatment after revascularization, as well as a good lifestyle and medication adherence at 1 year and provides further confirmation of the the benefit of secondary prevention.

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Published
2015-12-01
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Original Articles
Keywords:
cardiac rehabilitation, revascularization, lifestyle intervention, treatment adherence.
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How to Cite
Griffo, Raffaele, Pier Luigi Temporelli, Francesco Fattirolli, Francesco Fattirolli, Marco Ambrosetti, Roberto Tramarin, Anna Rita Vestri, Stefania De Feo, and Luigi Tavazzi. 2015. “ICAROS (Italian Survey on CardiAc RehabilitatiOn and Secondary Prevention After Cardiac revascularization): Temporary Report of the First Prospective, Longitudinal Registry of the Cardiac Rehabilitation Network GICR/IACPR”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 78 (2). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2012.126.

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