Secretion management in patients with ineffective airway clearance with non-invasive mechanical ventilation use: Expert guidance for clinical practice
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a mainstay of management of chronic respiratory failure in many disorders which are known to cause abnormal airway secretion clearance. Currently, there is no guidance regarding either the secretion handling during NIV use or the role of NIV in secretion management in these patients. The aim of this document was to provide an overview of the various techniques available in the management of respiratory secretions and their use in conjunction with NIV. Literature search was performed using the keywords, “(secretion OR secretions) AND (noninvasive ventilation OR NIV)” on PubMed and EMBASE. The search yielded 1681 and 509 titles from PubMed and EMBASE, respectively. After screening, 19 articles were included in this review. Suggestions of the expert panel were formulated by mutual consensus after reviewing the relevant literature. The draft of the expert panel’s suggestions was circulated among all authors via electronic mail for comments. Any conflicts were resolved by mutual discussion to achieve agreement. The final document was approved by all. This document by the International Network for Airway Secretions Management in NIV describes various airway secretion clearance techniques. It provides the expert panel’s suggestions for the use of these techniques in conjunction with NIV for patients with muco-obstructive and neuromuscular disorders.
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