Learning impact of education during Pulmonary Rehabilitation program. An observational short-term cohort study

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2010.300

Authors

  • E. Crisafulli Villa Pineta Hospital, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Pavullo (MO), Italy.
  • S. Loschi Villa Pineta Hospital, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Pavullo (MO), Italy.
  • C. Beneventi Villa Pineta Hospital, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Pavullo (MO), Italy.
  • A. De Biase Villa Pineta Hospital, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Pavullo (MO), Italy.
  • B. Tazzioli Villa Pineta Hospital, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Pavullo (MO), Italy.
  • A. Papetti Villa Pineta Hospital, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Pavullo (MO), Italy.
  • C. Lorenzi Villa Pineta Hospital, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Pavullo (MO), Italy.
  • E.M. Clini | enrico.clini@unimore.it Villa Pineta Hospital, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Pavullo (MO), University of Modena, DAI Oncology, Haematology and Pneumology, Modena, Italy.

Abstract

Background. Among the several components constituting a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) course, education may contribute to an individual’s recognition of symptoms and worsening of the disease. However, the specific benefits of education is far greater than can be clearly documented to the health care providers. The aim of our preliminary study was to assess the learning impact of educational sessions (ES) in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients referred to standard PR. Methods. Six ES on 3 areas (Symptoms-Therapies, Aids, Mood) were applied during PR at our clinic. The learning effect was prospectively evaluated by a specific questionnaire (ESQ) in 285 COPD patients (age 69±8 years, FEV1 53±14 % pred), then grouped into those who have completed ES (Completers group, n=226) or who did not (mean 2±1 ES) (Control group, n=59). Total and partial ESQ scores, and PR outcomes (6-minute walking test- 6MWD, effort-dyspnoea at Medical Research Council scale-MRC, and health-related quality of life scale-SGRQ) were assessed in a pre (T0) to post (Tend) design. Results. Similar improvement in PR outcomes was recorded in both groups at Tend, whereas ESQ total and partial scores significantly increased in ‘Completers’ only (p<0.001). ESQ-Aids score improved to a greater extent in Completers than in Control (+0.60±1.03 vs +0.27±1.27 point respectively, p=0.036). A higher proportion of Completers improved above the median change of both ESQ total and aids scores (p<0.05). Conclusion. Attending educational sessions produces a specific short-term learning effect during rehabilitation of COPD patients.

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Published
2016-01-19
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Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
Education, COPD, Rehabilitation, Self-management
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How to Cite
Crisafulli, E., S. Loschi, C. Beneventi, A. De Biase, B. Tazzioli, A. Papetti, C. Lorenzi, and E.M. Clini. 2016. “Learning Impact of Education During Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program. An Observational Short-Term Cohort Study”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 73 (2). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2010.300.