Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools


  • S. Kalaboka | INSERM, UMR S 707: EPAR, Paris, France.
  • J.P. Piau Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S 707: EPAR, Paris, France.
  • G. King Department of Behavioural Health, Penn State University, University Park, PA, United States.
  • D. Moreau Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR S 707: EPAR, Paris, France.
  • M. Choquet INSERM, Maison de l’adolescent, Hôpital Cochin, Paris, France.
  • I. Annesi-Maesano INSERM, UMR S 707: EPAR, Paris, France.


Aim. We investigated the relationship between sex (genetic/biological) and gender (environmental/ cultural) factors in relation to adolescent tobacco smoking. Methods. A representative sample of 11,582 students from French secondary public schools participated in the study by completing a self-administered, standardised questionnaire. Results. Using the WHO classification for smoking in the youth, 15.6% of the adolescents were regular smokers, 7.7% occasional smokers, 17.9% experimental smokers and 4.8% ex-smokers, with no statistically significant gender difference. Taking non-smoking as a reference, puberty had a much greater effect on the likelihood of being a regular smoker [OR=18.0 (95% Confidence Interval: 9.6- 32)] than of being an experimental/occasional smoker [OR=3.7 (2.9-4.6)] among girls. For boys, the effect of puberty was not as great [OR=4.7 (3.5-6.5)] for regular vs. [OR=2.1 (1.8-2.5)] for experimental/occasional smokers). Similarly, illicit drug use had a larger effect on the likelihood of being regular smoker vs. non-smoker [OR=15.0 (12.0-20.0) in boys and 12 (8.8-16.0) in girls] than of being experimental/occasional smoker vs. a non-smoker [OR=4.8 (3.7-6.1) and 2.9 (2.1-3.9) respectively]. Other factors related to regular smoking were exposure to passive smoking and regular alcohol consumption. Living with both parents was a protective factor for life and regular smoking in both genders. Conclusions. Our results show that influential factors of sex-related (puberty), gender-specific (environmental tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse) or sex/gender (regular sexual intercourse) are related to the smoking behaviour in French adolescents.



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Tobacco pouch
Adolescence, Gender, Puberty, Sex, Smoking, Smoking behaviour
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How to Cite
Kalaboka, S., J.P. Piau, G. King, D. Moreau, M. Choquet, and I. Annesi-Maesano. 2016. “Sex and Gender Differences in Tobacco Smoking Among Adolescents in French Secondary Schools”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 69 (3).

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