Sharing knowledge is the key to success in a patient-physician relationship: how to produce a patient information leaflet on COPD
AbstractBackground. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and its prevalence is rising. In Italy, respiratory diseases are the third most common cause of death. The aim of the study is to produce a patient information leaflet (PIL) designed to educate patients about COPD in accordance with the best recommendations based on evidence and guidelines for the production of good quality written information, and to evaluate the impact of this intervention on the patientsâ€™ knowledge of COPD. Methods. The study was conducted in the Department of Chest Diseases of the Cardarelli Hospital, Naples, Italy. A total of 166 patients admitted with a diagnosis of COPD participated in the study. Patients were asked to answer 10 multiple-choice questions compiled to assess their knowledge of the disease and then to read the leaflet. Two days later they were asked to complete the questionnaire again to assess their post-intervention knowledge. Analysis of the data was performed using SPSS version 15.0. Results. After reading the leaflet, a statistically significant increase in the proportion of correct responses was noted (p<0.001 by Wilcoxon signed rank test). Patients had retained the knowledge gained at the one year followup (p<0.05 by Cochranâ€™s Q test). Conclusions. An educational intervention directed at adults with COPD had a positive impact on the patientsâ€™ knowledge of COPD and this effect is long lasting.
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