Physical exercise and Sport activities in patients with and without coronary heart disease

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2007.457

Authors

  • Giuseppe Francavilla Cattedra di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy.
  • Maurizio Giuseppe Abrignani | maur.abri@alice.it Azienda Ospedaliera S. Antonio Abate, U.O. di Cardiologia, Trapani, Italy.
  • Annabella Braschi Cattedra di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy.
  • Rosalba Sciacca Azienda Ospedaliera S. Antonio Abate, U.O. di Cardiologia, Trapani, Italy.
  • Vincenzo Christian Francavilla Cattedra di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy.
  • Marco Malvezzi Caracciolo Azienda Ospedaliera S. Sebastiano, U.O. di Cardiologia Riabilitativa, Caserta, Italy.
  • Nicola Renda Azienda Ospedaliera S. Antonio Abate, U.O. di Cardiologia, Trapani, Italy.
  • Carmine Riccio Azienda Ospedaliera S. Sebastiano, U.O. di Cardiologia Riabilitativa, Caserta, Italy.
  • Anna Scaglione Cardiologia Riabilitativa, Clinic Center, Napoli, Italy.
  • Giambattista Braschi Azienda Ospedaliera S. Antonio Abate, U.O. di Cardiologia, Trapani, Italy.

Abstract

Background: The quantity and intensity of physical activity required for the primary prevention of coronary heart disease remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the association between physical activity and coronary risk. Methods: We studied 100 patients with chest pain, 78 men and 22 women, not older than 65 years, admitted to a coronary care unit. Patients were subdivided in 3 groups: the first group included patients with acute myocardial infarction, the second group included patients with chronic heart disease, the third included patients with non-ischemic chest-pain. A questionnaire on daily physical activity was filled by each patient. Results: A significantly higher percentage of patients with myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease had a sedentary life style compared to patients of the third group. Compared with subjects without heart disease, a significantly higher percentage of patients of the first and second group covered a daily average distance shorter than 500 meters, while a significantly inferior percentage covered a distance longer than 1 Km every day. A significantly lower percentage of patients with coronary heart disease practised sport compared with the third group. At the time of hospitalization a very small percentage of coronary heart disease patients still practised sport. Conclusions: The association between physical activity and reduced coronary risk is clear; in order to obtain benefits it is sufficient just walking every day. Regarding physical activity, continuity is important: patients, who practised sport only in juvenile age, breaking off when older, may lose the obtained advantages.

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Published
2016-02-01
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Original Articles
Keywords:
exercise, sport, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction
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How to Cite
Francavilla, Giuseppe, Maurizio Giuseppe Abrignani, Annabella Braschi, Rosalba Sciacca, Vincenzo Christian Francavilla, Marco Malvezzi Caracciolo, Nicola Renda, Carmine Riccio, Anna Scaglione, and Giambattista Braschi. 2016. “Physical Exercise and Sport Activities in Patients With and Without Coronary Heart Disease”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 68 (2). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2007.457.

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