PIKO-1, an effective, handy device for the patientâ€™s personal PEFR and FEV1 electronic long-term monitoring
AbstractBackground and Aim. Subjects with airway obstruction are strongly recommended to monitor their lung function, which is particularly variable in asthma. Unlike PEFR, other personal measurements (such as FEV1) are still difficult to perform. PIKO-1 is the first electronic device for both PEFR and FEV1 personal check, but its precision has not yet been assessed. The aim of this study was to compare PEFR and FEV1 values from PIKO-1 and from a conventional spirometer in subjects with airway obstruction. Methods. In total, 352 subjects (217 men; 47.6 Â± 19.0 years; 72.6 Â± 15.0 kg; 168.1 Â± 11.9 cm) performed sequential measurements using a PIKO-1 device and a spirometer. Wilcoxon signed-rank test and sign test were used as statistical tests. Results. Mean FEV1 values from the spirometer and PIKO-1, respectively, were 2.9 L Â± 1.1 and 3.0 L Â± 1.1, and mean PEFR values were 466.1 L/min Â± 164.5 SD and 426.3 L/min Â± 151.6 SD. PIKO-1 proved to overestimate FEV1 values by 4% (p<0.0001) and to underestimate PEFR values by 8% (p<0.000) systematically. Conclusions. The precision of both PIKO-1 measurements (such as FEV1 and PEFR) have been assessed. PEFR and FEV1 measures should be reset by two different constants. Nevertheless, PIKO-1 is a suitable and reliable device for the personal monitoring of obstructive patients in real life.
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