Hydrotherapy in Advanced Heart Failure: the Cardio-HKT Pilot Study

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2006.515

Authors

  • Annamaria Municinó | am072003@yahoo.it Struttura Complessa di Cardiologia, A.O. Ospedale Santa Corona, Pietra Ligure (SV), Italy.
  • Annamaria Nicolino Struttura Complessa di Cardiologia, A.O. Ospedale Santa Corona, Pietra Ligure (SV), Italy.
  • Manlio Milanese Struttura Complessa di Pneumologia, A.O. Ospedale Santa Corona, Pietra Ligure (SV), Italy.
  • Edoardo Gronda Unità Operativa di Cardiologia Clinica e Terapia dell’Insufficienza Cardiaca, Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Rozzano (MI), Italy.
  • Bruno Andreuzzi Unità Operativa di Cardiologia Clinica e Terapia dell’Insufficienza Cardiaca, Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Rozzano (MI), Italy.
  • Fabrizio Oliva Cardiologia 2 Trapianti, A.O. Ospedale Niguarda Ca’ Granda, Milano, Italy.
  • Francesco Chiarella Struttura Complessa di Cardiologia, A.O. Ospedale Santa Corona, Pietra Ligure (SV), Italy.

Abstract

Background: In-water exercise, hydrotherapy, may offer an attractive alternative to conventional training in markedly compromised patients with advanced HF. This Pilot Study evaluates the safety and efficacy of Cardio-Hydrokinesitherapy (Cardio-HKT) in patients with advanced HF on optimal medical therapy. Cardio-HKT is a novel rehabilitation program that includes training sessions in warm water (31°C), integrated by educational and psycho-behavioural sessions to promote healthy life style modifications. Methods: We studied 18 adult patients with advanced HF, LVEFII and peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) <18 ml/kg/min. Cardio-HKT consisted of a 3 weeks daily in-water training, combined to educational and psycho-behavioural sessions. Patients underwent a six-minute-walking-test (6mWT), a cardiopulmonary exercise test at baseline and after 3 weeks of Cardio- HKT. Quality of life was assessed with the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHF). Results: All patients completed the Cardio-HKT rehabilitation program without complications. The 6mWT improved from 453±172 m to 571±120 m (p<0.01), peak VO2 from 13.0±3.1 to 14.5±2.9 ml/kg/min (p=0.03), whereas VE/ CO2 slope declined from 37±10 to 33±9 (p=0.01). MLHF markedly improved from 56 (68-27) to 18 (40-7) (p<0.01). Conclusions: Our results support the safety and efficacy of the innovative Cardio-HKT rehabilitation program in patients with advanced HF.

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Published
2016-02-04
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Original Articles
Keywords:
hydrotherapy, aerobic training, skeletal muscle de-conditioning, dilated cardiomyopathy, cardiopulmonary exercise test, quality of life
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How to Cite
Municinó, Annamaria, Annamaria Nicolino, Manlio Milanese, Edoardo Gronda, Bruno Andreuzzi, Fabrizio Oliva, and Francesco Chiarella. 2016. “Hydrotherapy in Advanced Heart Failure: The Cardio-HKT Pilot Study”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 66 (4). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2006.515.

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