First definition of Minimal Care model: the role of nurses, physiotherapists, dietitians and psychologists in preventive and rehabilitative cardiology
AbstractRehabilitative and preventive cardiology (CRP) is configured as intervention prevention to â€œgain healthâ€ through a process of multifactorial care that reduces disability and the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events. It makes use of an interdisciplinary team in which every professional needs to have multiple intervention paths because of the different levels of clinical and functional complexity of cardiac patients who currently have access to the rehabilitation. The document refers to the use of interventions by nurses, physiotherapists, dietitians and psychologists that are part of the rehabilitation team of CRP. Interventions of which have been documented, on scientific bases and clinical practice, empirical effectiveness and organizational efficiency. The methodological approach of this paper is a first attempt to define, through the model of consensus, the minimum standards for a CRP evidence based characterized by clearly defined criteria that can be used by operators of CRP. The document describes the activities to be carried out in each of the phases included in the pathways of care by nurses, physiotherapists, dietitians and psychologists. The routes identified were divided, according to the type of patients who have access to the CRP and to the phases of care, including the initial assessment, intervention, evaluation and final reporting, in high medium and low complexity. Examples of models of reporting, used by the operators of the team according to the principles of good clinical practice, are provided. This is made to allow traceability of operations, encourage communication inside the working group and within the patient and the caregiver. Also to give any possible indication for the post-rehabilitation.
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