Physical activity for coronary heart disease: cardioprotective mechanisms and effects on prognosis

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2005.591

Authors

  • Domenico Scrutinio | dscrutinio@fsm.it IRCCS Fondazione “Salvatore Maugeri”, Divisione di Cardiologia, Istituto di Cassano delle Murge (BA), Italy.
  • Fabio Bellotto Dipartimento di Scienze Cardiologiche, Toraciche e Vascolari dell’Università di Padova, Italy.
  • Rocco Lagioia IRCCS Fondazione “Salvatore Maugeri”, Divisione di Cardiologia, Istituto di Cassano delle Murge (BA), Italy.
  • Andrea Passantino IRCCS Fondazione “Salvatore Maugeri”, Divisione di Cardiologia, Istituto di Cassano delle Murge (BA), Italy.

Abstract

A sedentary lifestyle is one of the five major risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) along with hypertension, abnormal values of blood lipids, smoking and obesity. After an acute myocardial infarction, risk factors continue to contribute synergically to the clinical progression and prognosis of CHD. Regular physical exercise has been shown to improve exercise capacity and quality of life, to reduce symptoms and to decrease the risk of new coronary events in patients with CHD. Regular physical activity with its favourable effects on coronary risk factors, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, tendency to thrombosis, on autonomic tone and myocardial ischemia, may play a role in reducing the risk of new coronary events and death. In view of the clinical benefits yielded and its well-documented cardioprotective mechanisms, regular physical activity should be regarded, by general practitioners and cardiologists, as a true and effective form of therapy for patients with CHD.

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Published
2005-06-30
Info
Issue
Section
Editorial
Keywords:
physical activity, coronary heart disease, prognosis
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  • Abstract views: 516

  • PDF: 417
How to Cite
Scrutinio, Domenico, Fabio Bellotto, Rocco Lagioia, and Andrea Passantino. 2005. “Physical Activity for Coronary Heart Disease: Cardioprotective Mechanisms and Effects on Prognosis”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 64 (2). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2005.591.