Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease <p><strong>Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease</strong> is an international scientific journal of the <em>Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri</em>, Pavia, Italy, dedicated to the advancement of knowledge in all fields of cardiopulmonary medicine and rehabilitation. <!--It is published in two series: the “Cardiac Rehabilitation and Prevention Series” (volume, even numbers) which, since 2002, is the official journal of the Italian Association for Cardiovascular Prevention, Rehabilitation and Epidemiology (GICR-IACPR); and the “Pulmonary Medicine and Rehabilitation Series” (volume, odd numbers).--></p> <p><strong>Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease</strong> publishes original articles, new methodological approaches, reviews, opinions, editorials, position papers on all aspects of cardiac and pulmonary medicine and rehabilitation, and, in addition, provides a forum for the inter-exchange of information, experiences and views on all issues of the cardiology profession, including education. Accordingly, original contributions on nursing, exercise treatment, health psychology, occupational medicine, care of the elderly, health economics and other fields related to the treatment, management, rehabilitation and prevention of cardiac and respiratory disease are welcome.</p> <p><strong>Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease</strong> promotes excellence in the profession of cardiology and pneumology through its commitment to the publication of research, support to continuous education, and encouragement and dissemination of ‘best practice’.</p> <p>This journal does not apply charge for publication to Authors as it is supported by institutional funds.</p> en-US <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> (Nadia Moscato) (Tiziano Taccini) Tue, 10 Sep 2019 11:58:03 +0200 OJS 60 Referral from vascular surgery to cardiovascular rehabilitation and related outcomes in patients with peripheral arterial disease: the THINKPAD-RELOADED survey <p>The utilization of cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) programmes in patients with Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease (LEPAD) is generally poor, with limited evidence of current policies for referral. The aim of the study was to evaluate, within a cohesive network of CR and vascular surgery facilities with facilitated referral process, the clinical characteristic of LEPAD patients referred to CR and related outcomes, as compared to patients not referred. The present is an observational prospective study of consecutive patients recruited at vascular surgery facilities. Out of 329 patients observed, the average referral rate to CR was 34% (28% and 39% in patients with and without recent peripheral revascularization, p&lt;0.05). LEPAD patients entering the CR programme were similar to those who did not according to sex, age, the vascular surgery setting of evaluation, and localization of arterial lesions. Patients with moderate intermittent claudication and patients with acute limb ischemia as index event were more represented among those who attended CR (41% <em>vs</em> 21% and 9% <em>vs</em> 2% respectively, p&lt;0.05). Patients referred to CR had five times more episodes of acute coronary syndrome and heart failure as complication of the index event. The cardiovascular risk profile (obesity 29.5% <em>vs</em> 11%, p&lt;0.05; hypercholesterolemia 80% <em>vs</em> 61%, p&lt;0.05) was much worse in LEPAD patients referred to CR, but conversely, they better achieved secondary prevention targets, particularly for blood pressure control (97% <em>vs</em> 57%, p&lt;0.05). All-cause 2-year mortality in the whole patients’ population was 6%. Patients entering the CR programme displayed less events (13.5% <em>vs</em> 37.7%, p&lt;0.05), mainly death (3.1% <em>vs</em> 11.3%, p&lt;0.05) and limb-related events (4.2% <em>vs</em> 15.2%, p&lt;0.05). The results of our study suggest that when a cohesive network of vascular surgery and CR facilities becomes available, the referral rate to rehabilitation may increase up to one third of eligible patients. Patients with higher comorbidity and cardiovascular risk seem to have priority in the referral process, nevertheless those with peripheral revascularization are still underestimated. Entering CR may ensure better cardiovascular risk profile and cardiovascular prognosis in LEPAD patients, and consequently the systematic adoption of this care model needs to be strongly recommended and facilitated.</p> Marco Ambrosetti, Pompilio Faggiano, Cesare Greco, Gian Francesco Mureddu, Pier Luigi Temporelli, Roberto F.E. Pedretti ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Sep 2019 13:19:22 +0200 Depression and heart failure: an intricate relationship <p>In patients with heart failure (HF), depression is common and associated with adverse outcomes such as reduced adherence to treatment, poor quality of life, increased hospitalizations and elevated mortality. Despite these adverse impacts, depression remain underdiagnosed in HF patients. We performed a target review of the literature to identify the association between HF and depression, to examine the mechanisms that link these two conditions and to identify instruments for an accurate diagnosis and treatment of depression in HF patients. Depression is associated with the development and progression of HF, including increased rates of mortality, mediated by behavioral and pathophysiological mechanisms. The overlap of symptoms between depression and HF often makes the diagnosis of depression difficult and late. Currently, specific guidelines for depression screening in HF patients are lacking, partly because evidences showing that depression screening improves cardiac outcomes are insufficient. European guidelines suggest the early use of instruments such as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), both characterized by accuracy and administration simplicity. There is limited evidence of pharmacological treatment and psychotherapy efficacy in patients with HF. However, cognitive-behavioral therapy has been shown to improve outcomes HF patients, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors appear safe in this cohort.</p> Gaetano Aloisi, Alberto Zucchelli, Bruno Aloisi, Giuseppe Romanelli, Alessandra Marengoni ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 11 Sep 2019 15:14:18 +0200 Organizing pneumonia secondary to cetuximab in a patient with colorectal cancer <p>Organizing pneumonia (OP) may be idiopathic or secondary to a variety of causes including drugs. OP and other forms of pulmonary toxicity secondary to cetuximab, however, have been described rarely. It is paramount to recognize and differentiate OP from other common conditions that cancer patients are prone to such as infection and pulmonary embolism. A 69-year-old man with colorectal cancer received ten cycles of palliative chemotherapy [FOLFIRI (5-Fluorouracil, Leucovorin, Irinotecan) and cetuximab] with clinical and radiological response. He developed dyspnea following cycle 4, then 6 weeks later presented with cough, fever, tachypnea, hypoxia, bilateral crackles and diffuse pulmonary shadows. He was started on antibiotics but his condition deteriorated further. Cultures, including blood and bronchioalveolar lavage, grew no pathogens and molecular analysis and cytology for bacteria viruses were negative. Trans-bronchial biopsy was consistent with organizing pneumonia. Treatment with corticosteroids resulted in dramatic clinical and radiological resolution with normalization of gas exchange and pulmonary function. Corticosteroids were stopped and he was restarted on FOLFIRI and remained well with no relapse over a year of follow up. Although pulmonary toxicity secondary to cetuximab is uncommon, it is important to recognize, as it may be associated with poor prognosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of OP attributed to cetuximab with histopathological evidence.</p> Abdulaziz AlGhulayqah, Bader AlShamsan, Shouki Bazarbashi, Shamayel Mohammed, Abdullah Mobeireek ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 11 Sep 2019 15:12:00 +0200 Radial pseudoaneurysm in elderly: a rare event with undefinied therapeutical approach. A case report and literature review <p>Radial artery pseudoaneurysm (RAP) after cardiac catheterization in elderly patients is a rare complication. Clinical manifestations are pain, swelling and haematoma of the harm. The diagnosis is made through doppler ultrasonography, but the best therapeutical option is still matter of debate. Traditionally, surgical treatment has been considered the gold standard but new and less invasive strategies have been recently proposed: ultrasound-guided compression and local injection of thrombin. In this report we describe the unique case of an 84-year-old female patient who developed radial artery pseudoaneurysm after a failed radial artery access for cardiac catheterization. Finally, the pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated by surgical approach as several attempts of local compression failed. We aimed also at reviewing the treatment options of RAP in elderly patients (&gt;75 years old) and the safety/effectiveness reported in literature<em>.</em></p> Emanuele Gallinoro, Francesco Natale, Saverio D’Elia, Paolo Golino, Giovanni Cimmino ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 10 Sep 2019 11:56:42 +0200